Whitewashing history? ---- truth of alleged Nanjing massacre (2)
This time I'll focus just on Japanese propaganda carried out to inform that the Japanese troops helped Chinese people in 1937 after fall of Nanjing. (Note that I'm not negating all those incidents around that time. I'm just giving another perspective here.)
I hated those pictures a while ago because those pics were after censorship, and you never know what had happened behind those pictures. Look at the picture below. With a close look, you'll find a Chinese kid wearing Japanese flag around his left arm. That obviously stinks! Needless to say, Japan attempted to artifically produce a good mood.
(Dec. 20th in Nanking within a week after fall of Nanking.)
However, my opinion has changed affirmatively due to the following reasons:
1)Japanese troops allowed many Japanese camera crew to enter Nanking; it indicates that Japan knew Kuomintang started negative canpaign activities in US. The Japanese in Nanking were desperate not to let Kuomintang government do it.
2)Those pictures decorated headlines in newspapers in Japan after fall of Nanking, saying "do not hate Chinese" or "Japanese troops have a warm relationship with Chinese people." Although those phrases would arouse criticisms or evoke disgust, those attitude by newspapers contributed to cultivating humanity in Japan. Moreover, it must be a good education to soldiers who go on the warpath. Japanese people still held the concept of human rights even after they were hurt by a brutal killingfield, Tongzhou Incident in 1937 near Beijing (Japanese civillains were killed, and it indirectly triggered full-scale war). At least it seems that general opinion in Japan didn't accept a radical opinion, "You can do whatever to Chinese."
Anyway, it was evident that information war for morality was very significant to obtain support from people. Kuomintang got to be known to have killed very brutaly in China mainland throughout the war. It led Kuomintang to be defeated by Communist party in a long run.
(Dec.20 or 23 where a Chinese kid was treated by a Japanese medical troop.)
(Dec. 17th, some restrants were already open in the safe district. A japanese soldier is eating dumplings.)
(Dec. 16th, cf. Nanking fell at night on Dec 12th.)
(Dec. 19th, a kid is adored by Japanes soldiers.)
(Feb. 26th, Japanese women walking in the street in Nanking.)
Do you totally believe after seeing those pics that Japanese troops really gave good administration? I don't think so. I don't want you to think so, either. But I just want yout to agree that the world 70 years ago was just like Iraq where visual information plays an important role in shaping international opinion.
(made in spring through summer in 1938, a postcard of a market sold in Nanking. A careful check allows you to read "Sino-Japanese blur blur" in the banner. If the order was "Japan-Sina blur blur", it would have hurt people's feeling. )
(This pictures reached Osaka Oct.15th 1937 before fall of Nanking. The bombardments by Japanese bombers destroyed buildings. These pictures were not permitted to appear due to censorship. The red stamps say it.)
In essence, all those pictures I have shown shouldn't have much value although they are effectively appealing more than writings. I'm just showing them just for giving another perspective.
Here's a link to my first article:(1)